Any operation is a big stress for the body. In many ways, its result depends on the patient. That is why he or she should be prepared for surgery. Everyone should know how to do it right, what should not be done before the surgery, and what doctors strongly recommend to do.
Can I have an operation if I have a cold?
Before any planned operation, a thorough medical examination is performed. The patient must report all of his/her serious illnesses. Do not hide anything, because the outcome of the operation largely depends on this.
The patient’s health is assessed by a surgeon and anesthetist, the patient undergoes tests and an ECG. Based on all the procedures, the doctor assesses the patient’s readiness for anesthesia. The operation is delayed if the patient has ARVI, fever, exacerbation of the concomitant disease. Do not hide from the doctor if you feel that you are sick.
Should I shave before surgery?
Few people know that you can’t shave before surgery, including legs. A person can inflict microscopic cuts. Any violation of the cover integrity increases the risk of infection. If you want to get rid of body hair, you need to do it in a week. But there are operations, preparation for which still involves shaving. In particular, this is the appendix removal and cesarean section.
Should I keep a diet?
No. You should not starve before the surgery since it causes risk and dramatic weight loss. Although some overweight people are recommended to lose a few pounds to avoid possible problems with anesthesia, thrombosis and infections. You’d better stop restricting your calorie intake about a week before surgery.
Can I take medicine?
Blood-thinning agents like warfarin cannot be taken before surgery, otherwise, the blood simply will not clot. Drugs that regulate blood pressure, on the contrary, must be taken to the last. Indeed, pressure surges threaten with either a stroke or uncontrolled bleeding. By the way, herbal remedies also need to be taken into account. Garlic, ginseng, and ginger can increase the risk of bleeding.
Can I drink and eat?
You know that patients are operated on an empty stomach. It is forbidden to eat and drink six hours before anesthesia. By agreement with your doctor, you can take sedatives at night and in the morning to get enough sleep and not worry much. It is also necessary to exclude the use of alcohol.
Some patients cheat by chewing gum – this helps them cope with hunger. But this is not very good, because the stomach begins to produce additional acid. If this acid leaves the stomach in a state of complete relaxation during the operation, there will be big problems.
Is it true that one cannot go to surgery with a manicure?
This is absolutely true. Nails need to be completely cleaned of varnish, as it can interfere with the analysis of a person’s breathing. Nails should be cut short. It will also reduce the risk of bacteria spreading and allow you to attach a sensor that detects oxygen levels to your finger. Doctors also advise taking a shower on the day of surgery since microbes from the surface of the body can get inside during surgery.
Can I smoke before surgery?
Smokers need to give up cigarettes a few days before surgery. In fact, even daily abstinence will help. The lungs damaged by tobacco are easier to infect. Postoperative infections are quite common among smokers. In addition, smoking makes blood more viscous. In turn, stress and excitement cause no less damage to the body. Anxious people are more difficult to put to sleep, they have a reduced pain threshold and they often have side effects.